A collection of blogs and musings from the people that work at the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum - Florida's Finest Lightstation.
Welcome to the Keeper's Blog. Please join us on a discovery voyage. Share our tales of lighthouses and the sea. Talk with us at the St. Augustine Lighthouse and Museum as we keep alive the history of the nation's oldest port.

July 10, 2014

LAMP to Search for the Lost French Fleet of 1565

Posted by: Chuck Meide in In the News, LAMPosts


Today was an exciting day. At 10am we hosted a press conference to announce to the world that we will be launching an expedition to search for the lost French fleet of Jean Ribault, wrecked in 1565. This project is funded by the State of Florida and NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration, and is being carried out in partnership with the National Park Service, the Center for Historical Archaeology, and the Institute of Maritime History.

The story has been making a big splash in the news. Two Jacksonville TV stations, First Coast News and News4Jax (Channel 4) broadcast stories, and it was carried by the Jacksonville and St. Augustine papers.

From the Florida Times-Union:

By Matt Soergel

ST. AUGUSTINE | A team of archaeologists unveiled plans Thursday for an oceangoing expedition to find the lost French fleet of Jean Ribault, which sank 449 years ago in a history-changing hurricane off Florida’s Atlantic coast. . . .

Finding the fleet would be momentous, said Chuck Meide, the expedition’s principal investigator.

“It is Florida’s origin story, so it is also the story of the birth of our nation,” he said at a press conference under the live oaks outside the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum.

Meide, 43, a maritime archaeologist with the Lighthouse Archeological Maritime Program, will lead a crew of four on the search, which begins this month. They’ll spend up to six days at a time on a converted shrimp boat, using sonar to look above the seabed and a magnetometer to search for metal — cannons, cannonballs and other artifacts — under the sand.

Continue reading "LAMP to Search for the Lost French Fleet of 1565" »

Archaeologists to Search for Lost 1565 French Fleet of Jean Ribault

Posted by: Shannon in Public Relations


This July and August, archaeologists will search for a fleet of 16th century French ships that were lost in a hurricane, resulting in the establishment of a Spanish colony in St. Augustine, Fla. in 1565.

ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA. – Later this July, researchers from the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum will embark on a six-week search for the lost French fleet of Jean Ribault, which sank off the Florida coast in 1565. If discovered, these ships would arguably represent the most important shipwreck sites ever discovered in U.S. waters.

If these ships hadn’t gone down in a hurricane, the entire history of the First Coast, and that of our country, would be dramatically different,” said Chuck Meide, director of the museum’s Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program and the principal investigator on this expedition. “The loss of these ships and subsequent massacre of French survivors by Spanish forces is what led to the founding of St. Augustine by Spain 450 years ago.”

Under the direction of France’s King Charles IX, Ribault led a fleet of seven ships, including his 32-gun flagship, Trinité, to the New World in 1565. One thousand French colonists, sailors, and troops came with him to bolster the French colony at Fort Caroline, near the mouth of the St. Johns River. At the same time, Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilés arrived in Florida intent on destroying the French enterprise. In a preemptive strike to keep Menendez from establishing a colony in St. Augustine, Ribault sailed his four largest ships southwards, only to be struck by a hurricane which scattered and wrecked his fleet. With the loss of these ships, Fort Caroline was taken, Ribault and his men were put to the sword at Matanzas Inlet, and Spain established the first permanent settlement in the United States.

Though the French fleet has never been found, artifacts from survivor camps near the Canaveral National Seashore have given archaeologists an indication of where to search. This expedition will be the first geophysical survey ever conducted to search for these ships in the marine environment. If found these ships would be the oldest French vessels ever discovered in the United States, or anywhere else in the New World.

“This is a really exciting project for our museum and our state and federal partners,” said Kathy A. Fleming, executive director of the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum. “We have done extensive research and exhibits on a number of area shipwrecks, but this one really tells the origin story of St. Augustine.”

This expedition is funded and supported by partnerships between the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum, the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP), the National Park Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the State of Florida, the Institute of Maritime History, and the Center for Historical Archaeology.

All partners involved in this historic project have leveraged their joint resources including expertise, equipment and funding to make the expedition possible. This project has been financed in part with historic preservation grant assistance provided by the Bureau of Historic Preservation, Division of Historical Resources, Florida Department of State, assisted by the Florida Historical Commission and a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Ocean Exploration and Research (NOAA OER). The search has been tapped as one of NOAA OER’s signature expeditions for 2014.

The National Park Service’s Southeast Archaeological Center (SEAC) and Submerged Resources Center (SRC) are providing additional resources and support to the LAMP team and will be actively participating in the research. The search will be conducted from a research vessel provided by the Institute of Maritime History, and will use historical research undertaken in the French archives by the co-principal investigator on the expedition, Dr. John de Bry of the Center for Historical Archaeology in Melbourne, Fla.

To safeguard these archaeological sites, which are protected from molestation or looting by law, the specific locations of discovered shipwrecks and/or artifacts will not be disclosed via media or other means. Very few artifacts will be removed from any shipwreck sites discovered, and then only temporarily for documentation before being returned to their original location on or under the seafloor.

Results of the survey and search will be released after the expedition concludes in August. Information and updates will be available on the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum blog located at http://staugustinelighthouse.org.


June 17, 2014

45 Scholarships Awarded to Local Students for Lighthouse Summer Camp

Posted by: Shannon in Public Relations

Thanks to several community partners, the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum awarded 45 scholarships to St. Johns County students for the Lighthouse Ancient City Explorers Summer Camp.

ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA. – Excited chatter filled the 140 year-old tower at the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum on Tuesday morning as students ascended 219 steps to the top. The museum’s Lighthouse Ancient City Explorers Summer Camp is in full swing, with six weeks of camp programming scheduled for June and July. This year, 45 at-risk students from St. Johns County will experience camp for the first time thanks to fundraising support from the local community.

“We are so thankful for all of the fundraising support and donations received from the St. Augustine community,” said the museum’s Executive Director Kathy A. Fleming. “From online contributions like the Sertoma Club’s Indiegogo campaign to the countless folks who have dropped off craft supplies, so many people have helped make this camp possible for our local students.”

Nearly 100 students, grades K-5, will attend camp over four weeks in June and July. Each week will highlight a different segment of St. Augustine culture including British, Menorcan and African-American heritage. In addition to discovering maritime culture at the lighthouse, students will also explore other historic St. Augustine sites and enjoy a sailing excursion onboard the Schooner Freedom.


Through their Indiegogo campaign, the St. Augustine Sertoma Club raised more than $4,500 for the Steve Senecal Scholarship Fund. The fund will provide around 27 scholarships for summer camp as well as the holiday and spring break camps also hosted by the museum. Scholarships are awarded by the St. Johns County School District to recipients who show academic promise, but lack the financial means to attend camp.

Other community partners who contributed to the museum’s 2014 summer camp programs include the Barbara A. Kay Foundation, Diane’s Natural Food Market, Old Town Trolleys, the Consortium of Florida Education Foundations, the St. Johns County Education Foundation, Baker Pest Control and Chick-Fil-A.

In addition to providing students with science, technology, engineering, arts and math experiences, the museum’s camp program also provides snacks and lunches for campers. For many local students who rely on free or reduced lunch programs to receive meals during the school year, this fulfills a critical need.

Beginning July 14th, the museum will also offer two sessions of ship modeling camp for older students who have completed grades 5 – 8. This unique camp combines elements of history and architecture. Volunteers from the museum’s traditional wooden boatworks and ship modeling group will assist students with interactive projects during each week-long session. Scholarships from this camp were provided by the Barbara A. Kay Foundation.

“We are so excited to provide these opportunities for St. Augustine students to experience the culture of our area,” said Fleming. “Summer camp is such a fun experience we all remember fondly from our childhood. We love creating the same great camp memories for new students.”

Openings are still available for the last two sessions of Lighthouse Ancient City Explorers Summer Camp (June 23 – 27; July 7 – 11) and both sessions of ship modeling camp (July 14 – 18; July 21-25). To sign your child up or make a donation to support camp programming, visit www.staugustinelighthouse.org.


A pivotal navigation tool and unique landmark of St. Augustine for over 140 years, the St. Augustine Light Station is host to centuries of history in the Nation’s Oldest PortSM. Through interactive exhibits, guided tours and maritime research, the 501(c)3 non-profit St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum is on a mission to preserve, present and keep alive the story of the Nation’s Oldest Port SM as symbolized by our working lighthouse. We are the parent organization to the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP) and an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution.

June 13, 2014

Field School Update: Obstacles, Buttons and Diving

Posted by: Shannon in Field School

The 2014 LAMP Field School season is nearly at its halfway point.

The students have come a long way from blindly fumbling around obstacle courses at the bottom of a pool to performing real underwater archaeology on a revolutionary war era ship wreck.


The Storm Wreck excavation is underway and everyone is hopeful for the potential discoveries.

The true identity of the vessel has yet to be discovered, but it has been narrowed down to one of sixteen possible ships that wrecked roughly a mile of the shore of St. Augustine on December 31, 1782.

Over the past four years, volunteer students from across the country have spent their summers with the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum working to uncover the ship’s last moments. So far, everything from cannons to sail cloth has been recovered on the site. Although much of the site still remains buried beneath the sand, some of the smallest finds have revealed the most information.


Two military buttons from the Scottish 71st Regiment and the Colonial militia the ‘Royal Provincials’ represent the link between the ship’s passengers and the last fleet to leave South Carolina following the fall of Charleston to American troops during the final years of the revolutionary war.

The students of LAMP are the first people to touch these artifacts in nearly 320 years, and the significance is not lost on them. With two weeks left to go in the field school season, there are still potentially countless of personal artifacts left to find beneath the waves!

- Chris McCarron (University of Alabama - Birmingham) and Maddy Roth (St. Mary's College of Maryland)

June 2, 2014

LAMP's 2014 Field School in the News

Posted by: Chuck Meide in Field School, In the News, LAMPosts


Today was the first day of the 2014 Field School! Eleven students from across the U.S., from Oregon and Colorado to Florida and Vermont, arrived this weekend and this morning we all assembled at the Lighthouse for the first day of their training. This morning was orientation and paperwork, followed by an introductory lecture on maritime and underwater archaeology. Then the students rotated through different stations, where they practiced skills ranging from knot-tying to underwater search patterns, archaeological recording, setting up and using baselines for horizontal and vertical mapping, and compass use.

News travels fast in St. Augustine! The Field School students were highlighted in today's issue of Historic City News:

Archaeologists from the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum will begin their annual field school in St. Augustine on June 2nd with sixteen undergrad and graduate college students from around the world and as far away as Australia.

This year, students will be diving on a 1782 British Loyalist shipwreck located one mile off St. Augustine’s historic coast. Lighthouse archaeologists have been excavating this wreck since 2010. Artifacts recovered from the ship have helped the team piece together the story of British Loyalists who evacuated Charleston, S.C., near the end of the American Revolution.

“Field school is a great opportunity for college students to get experience with all the aspects of archaeological research,” said Chuck Meide, Director of the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP). “Our training is unique in that we are one of very few organizations that can provide underwater excavation experience.”

The 2014 student roster includes Molly Trivelpiece (Longwood University), Hannah Lucke (University of Puget Sound), Bridget Stanton (Flagler College), Leeah Worley (Lycombing College), James Kinsella (University of Central Florida), Christopher McCarron (University of Alabama, Birmingham), Madeline Roth (St. Mary’s College of Maryland), Michael Reese (University of Colorado), Chandler von Cannon (Flagler College), Eden Andes (Florida State University) and Allyson Ropp (University of North Carolina, Asheville).

The students have arrived in St. Augustine for the educational experience of a lifetime. For the next four weeks, they will undergo hands-on, underwater research and excavation on historic shipwrecks.

Click here to read the entire article!

Archaeological Conservation Employment Positions at LAMP

Posted by: Chuck Meide in Job Opportunities, LAMPosts

LAMP and the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum are seeking two positions, one full-time Assistant Archaeological Conservator and one part-time Archaeological Conservation Technician, to start in July 2014. These positions are grant-funded and will last two years (July 2014 through June 2016). The primary objective of these positions will be to assist LAMP's Archaeological Conservator in the treatment of artifacts recovered from the Storm Wreck, a Loyalist refugee vessel lost at the end of the American Revolution in December 1782 offshore St. Augustine. A significant assemblage of material culture has been recovered from the shipwreck to date, including cannons, firearms, cauldrons and other cookware, tableware, buttons, buckles, other personal items, tools, hardware, ship's equipment, navigational instruments, and the ship's bell. Successful applicants will have appropriate experience and training in the conservation of waterlogged archaeological materials, and will be able to interact with the public as our conservation laboratory is housed on the museum grounds and engages with the public whenever appropriate.

The St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum and LAMP are equal opportunity employers. The Museum may be able to provide housing to successful applicants, in a dorm-like setting shared with other program participants (students, interns, visiting scientists, etc), if desired.

For further information, please contact LAMP's Archaeological Conservator Starr Cox at scox@staugustinelighthouse.com. Cover letters and vitae may be emailed to Brenda Swann, the Lighthouse's Director of Collections, Interpretation, and Programming, at bswann@staugustinelighthouse.com.

Click here for the Assistant Archaeological Conservator job description

Click here for the Archaeological Conservation Technician job description

The St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum is the premier maritime museum located at the nation's oldest port, St. Augustine, Florida. Our mission is to Discover, Preserve, Present, and Keep Alive the Stories of the Nation's Oldest Port. LAMP, the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program, is the research arm of the Museum. LAMP conducts archaeological and historical research, archaeological conservation, traditional wooden boatbuilding, and other activities to realize the mission of the Museum. LAMP has been excavating the Storm Wreck since 2010 and with the Museum is planning a major exhibit focusing on this Revolutionary War shipwreck to open around late 2016.

June 1, 2014

2014 LAMP Field School in Maritime Archaeology

Posted by: Chuck Meide in Field School, LAMPosts


The Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP) is pleased to announce our 2014 Summer Field School. This year the field school will be held from June 2nd - June 27th at the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum in St. Augustine, Florida. This comprehensive 4-week practicum will focus on the continued excavation of an 18th century shipwreck. Discovered in 2009, excavations began on this wreck site during the summer of 2010. Artifacts recovered from this site, along with documentary research carried out in the British National Archives, indicate that this shipwreck, known as the “Storm Wreck,” was a Loyalist refugee ship lost at the end of the Revolutionary War on December 31, 1782. Recent discoveries include hardware and rigging components, navigational and carpentry tools, a series of cast-iron and copper cauldrons, a small flintlock pistol and six cannon and the ship's bell. This summer’s activities will include mapping, recording and excavating an area adjacent to the 2010-2011 excavation units. Students will work alongside instructors to record and recover artifacts associated with this wreck.

Continue reading "2014 LAMP Field School in Maritime Archaeology" »

May 7, 2014

News of the Deliverance shipwreck from far and wide!

Posted by: Chuck Meide in In the News, LAMPosts

LAMP archaeologists and volunteers mapping the shipwreck at Mickler's Landing at Ponte Vedra Beach. Our work and follow-up detective sleuthing lead to its identification as the Bermuda schooner Deliverance, lost in December 1947.

You have probably already read about the Mickler's Landing Wreck, which we recently identified as the Bermuda schooner Deliverance after a brief investigation on the second day of January earlier this year. We wrote about it here and here. Since that time there were a lot of media stories, which haven't all been listed on the blog, so I've got them all with links below the fold. The best article is the most recent, from the 19 April edition of Bermuda's newspaper the Royal Gazette . . .

. . . the remains of the ship have been reasonably firmly identified as the one owned by William Blackburn Smith, of Bailey’s Bay, that struck the rocks of the town of Ponte Vedra in the early hours of 13 December 1947, very stormy conditions having prevailed for sometime prior to its demise.

Demise was not in the heavens for its human compliment, so that all ten members of the crew and the captain were ‘delivered’ from the Deliverance. “Deliverance” is a very emotive and powerful word, especially in senses given in the Bible.

It has a special place and meaning in Bermuda history, as it was the name of one of the two vessels that delivered the Bermuda-stranded souls of the Sea Venture (wrecked 1609) to Jamestown, Virginia, in May 1610.

One of the strongest senses of the word is to rescue, or deliver, people from a dangerous and unpleasant situation, and that is its sense for the men of that other Deliverance on that cold, midwinter day in late 1947, as they waited beleaguered in rain, wind and heavy waves, but in sight of salvation on that Florida strand.

While we also had a ferry boat by the same name, it is likely that the 1947 Deliverance was the last Bermuda vessel of that name to work in the carrying trade, in that instance taking 100 tons of scrap metal for sale in Florida.

You may well ask where that amount of junk iron came from in tiny Bermuda of the day, but it is possible that it included old cannon and other artillery parts from our historic forts, as word has it that an operator from Florida was in Bermuda after the Second World War (1939-45) to carry out such a business.

At present, there is no known account of what happened to the cargo of the Deliverance, but as the vessel was driven onto the beach after its encounter with offshore rocks, it was likely stripped on the shore.

Read more below, and check out all of the other stories that have made local, regional, national, and international news!

Continue reading "News of the Deliverance shipwreck from far and wide!" »

May 2, 2014

Update to The Controversy of Fort Caroline: A Timeline of Media Events

Posted by: Chuck Meide in

There's a technical problem so I can't update my post "The Controversy of Fort Caroline," so I'm having to create a separate blog post. Hopefully this will be temporary as I wanted to put all updates about the Fort Caroline controversy in one place.

Another newspaper article came out in the Florida Times-Union, about another proposed location for Fort Caroline. This time the folks speculating tell us its on the St. Mary's River:

Archeologists Fred Cook of Brunswick and Bill Weeks, the Brunswick city manager, laid the foundation for their theory Fort Carolina that was located on a bend in the St. Marys river upstream from the city of St. Marys. That’s about 45 miles south from a site on the Altamaha River in McIntosh County that Florida State University scholars announced in February.

Cook and Weeks came to the same conclusion from differing research materials. Cook analyzed old maps, and Weeks interpreted historical writings.

I should also point out just for accuracy's sake that Fletcher and Crowe, the researchers who have proposed Fort Caroline is in Georgia, are not "Florida State University scholars." They made the announcement there and one of them got his degree there, but they are not associated with FSU.

More to read below the fold . . .

Continue reading "Update to The Controversy of Fort Caroline: A Timeline of Media Events" »

April 15, 2014

A Thank You to the Museum Visitors!

Posted by: Sue Callaham, Ship Modeler in LAMPosts, Ship Model Journal


Every year more and more people travel to far away places to see new sights, taste different foods, and learn more about the world around them. Visitors make the trek to St. Augustine, Florida year-round and while there, visit the St. Augustine Lighthouse and Museum. When they make their way to the Gallery in the upstairs of the Keepers' House, our team of ship-modelers enjoys the opportunity to talk with them. For the help we have received from those visitors, it's time to express our thanks! And just how have the visitors been able to help the ship model team?

Continue reading "A Thank You to the Museum Visitors!" »